Ecofeminism is a very recent trend in the arena of contemporary literary criticism. It studies the relationship between women and natural environment. Thomas Hardy is reputed for discussing how women and nature affect each other in all his novels. Thomas Hardy is concerned in his novels with such kind of ecocriticism, for his female characters are victims of the physical nature. Nature has many elements that exert much influence on characters. The use of birds is one of the most important means to show Hardy's concern with this subject. Hence, this research adopts an ecofeminist approach to Hardy’s Tess of the d’Urbervilles. Hardy adroitly portrays how Tess, the heroine of the novel, falls a victim to the patriarchal hegemony, and how nature reacts to Tess’s journey of suffering. In conclusion, Hardy has before his eyes the influence of Tess's physical and social environment on her personality. Tess always comes in connection with her surroundings; her happy and sorrowful moments are effectively conveyed through this connection. Such a relationship between man and environment is a pivotal issue in Hardy's novels.